Category Archives: Social Studies |

Pequot (Algonquin) | Military History

The Pequots were part of the Algonquins. They were a very powerful tribe. The Pequots were fighting against other tribes to have a land of rich soil where they could grow corn, beans and squash.

The Pequots were one of the most warlike tribes. Before the Europeans arrived, the Pequots had maybe migrated from the Hudson River Valley in New York State. Soon after that the Puritans and other English Colonists arrived in the early 1600s.

The Pequots had won control of the Connecticut Coastal area from the Connecticut River to Rhode Island. They had even attacked and won against different Montauk tribes on Long Island.They were named the Pequots which meant destroyers.

Author: J.V. (ten yrs. old)



Related Posts:

First Peoples Index  


Further reading:

Pequot War Guide

Sauk (Algonquin) | Legend| The Coming Of Corn

A Sauk (Algonquin) Family in 1899

The Algonquian tribe – the Sauk (Sac)- have many legends. Here is one.

The Sauk have a legend that is about agriculture, which is called The Coming of Corn. This legend is about a beautiful woman who came down from the clouds and two Sauk men saw her. The two men gave her food because they thought she came down because she smelled the deer that they were cooking.

To thank them the beautiful woman said they would be rewarded with food. The beautiful woman told them to come back 1 year later and where she put her hands on the ground beans and corn had grown.Where she sat tobacco grew.

This legend relates to the Sauk tribe because they farmed food in the grass lands of the Mississippi valley in the summer.

by: J.L.H. (10 yrs. old)


Related Posts:

Image of a Sauk Man

First Peoples Index  


 Further Reading:

Talk Sauk –  a Sauk/Sak Language Resource



Sylvain Rivard’s Traditional Drum | Abenaki (Algonquin)

Responses to Sylvain’s visit

S.S. says   ….. What would I remember 20 years from now of what Sylvain Rivard showed us? The drum and how in back it symbolizes the four elements. The drum itself symbolizes the world etc.

B.W says ….. after that he (Sylvain Rivard) played us a song on his drum. That was my favourite part. Here is a story that connects to my life. Last summer I went to Mexico and heard the same drum that the artist played for my class. I love the sound it made. Thanks a lot Sylvain. I hope to see you soon.

Mrs. Theriault says …. Our readers may not know that Sylvain didn’t buy this drum. He made it himself.    Also, our St-Lawrence music teacher Mrs. Carole Forget reminded me in an email that this drum is called a pacoligan. It is made from the skin of the female deer and the four sections underneath represent “the four colours of people on earth: black, white, red, yellow…”

Related post on this blog:

The Inuit also used animals skins for drums (The Inuit are not Algonquin)

Further Reading:

Native Dance – Onigoke – Our Dance Stories

Native American Indian Legends – The Story of the DrumAbenaki

Mrs. Theriault’s photos of  Quebec White-tailed Deer (Cerf de Virginie)

Abenaki Artist Sylvain Rivard Drops By For A Visit | St-Lawrence School

Yesterday, we were lucky enough to welcome First Nations artist Sylvain Rivard into our classroom.

Sylvain’s art – both  traditional and contemporary – springs from his Abenaki heritage.

His visit is part of a wider exploration of questions like:

What is art?

What is art for?

Why are there so many different styles of art?

Which type of art is “better”?

Who invented art?


Stay tuned this week for students blogging about his visit!