Category Archives: Social Studies |

Red Fox (Algonquin) | Native Americans | Meshkakihug, Red Earth

Prince Maximilian’s Travels in the Interior of North America

The Fox tribe is Algonquian. They are a big tribe. Their real name are the Red Fox tribe or Meshkwakihug and they are known as the Red Earth people. They are called that because their land is more reddish than other known tribes like the  Chippewa.

The Fox Tribe was seminomadic. That means they moved around forests and prairies. During the summer they lived in villages of bark covered homes. They grew corn, beans, squash, pumpkins and tobacco.

The Fox had three kinds of leaders: the peace chief ,war chief, and the ceremonial chief. The peace chief kept peace with the tribe and was in charge at council when the town matters were discussed. The war chief was chosen for each military sector by other brave soldiers on the basis of fighting skills. The war chief would be in charge to control army matters. On this occasion, the Calumets would be decorated with red feathers. The ceremonial leader, or shaman, instructed others in religious rituals. The ceremonies had a lot of meanings, such as making games and stuff or helping grow food and crops or helping the sick people.

Author: M.L.S

Related Posts:

First Peoples Index

First Peoples Index

In Canada the term First Peoples refers to the original inhabitants of this land.  There are two groupings: the Inuit (aka Eskimo) and the First Nations (aka Indian). Other respectful terms for First Peoples are: Aboriginals, Amerindians (used by scholars), Autochtones (in Quebec) and Native American.

First Nations

Algonquin

Inuit

Malecites | Legend

Here are some stories from the New Brunswick Malecites. Here are 3 characters in the stories:  Meekkomowess, Majalmood, and “The Little Men”.

Meekkomowess was a little old man who has a supernatural power, and could foretell the future. Meekkomowess goes to the Indians, gives them warnings and tells them about the danger that is coming. Miraculously, all the Indians who listened to Meekkomowess survived the danger, but unfortunately, all those that didn’t,  perished.  Everything Meekkomowess says is true. He never makes a mistake in foretelling the future.

Majalmood is a boy who made bows and arrows to protect the Indians. When Majalmood pointed anywhere with his finger, the arrow went that way.

The Little Men are Dwarfs. The Little Men can make a great variety of different clay objects, like axes, knives, canoes, men, and pipes, just like the real ones. They are not bad magicians, they don’t hurt anyone. Though, they will take a person’s knife if it is left on the bank and they will make a perfect clay imitation.

Author: N.B., 10 yrs. old

 

Related Posts:

First Peoples Index  

 

Further Reading:

Malecites

Native Americans: The Maliseet Indian Tribe (Malecite, Malecites

Cacouna – La Nation Malécite

Pequot (Algonquin) | Military History

The Pequots were part of the Algonquins. They were a very powerful tribe. The Pequots were fighting against other tribes to have a land of rich soil where they could grow corn, beans and squash.

The Pequots were one of the most warlike tribes. Before the Europeans arrived, the Pequots had maybe migrated from the Hudson River Valley in New York State. Soon after that the Puritans and other English Colonists arrived in the early 1600s.

The Pequots had won control of the Connecticut Coastal area from the Connecticut River to Rhode Island. They had even attacked and won against different Montauk tribes on Long Island.They were named the Pequots which meant destroyers.

Author: J.V. (ten yrs. old)

 

 

Related Posts:

First Peoples Index  

 

Further reading:

Pequot War Guide

Sauk (Algonquin) | Legend| The Coming Of Corn

A Sauk (Algonquin) Family in 1899

The Algonquian tribe – the Sauk (Sac)- have many legends. Here is one.

The Sauk have a legend that is about agriculture, which is called The Coming of Corn. This legend is about a beautiful woman who came down from the clouds and two Sauk men saw her. The two men gave her food because they thought she came down because she smelled the deer that they were cooking.

To thank them the beautiful woman said they would be rewarded with food. The beautiful woman told them to come back 1 year later and where she put her hands on the ground beans and corn had grown.Where she sat tobacco grew.

This legend relates to the Sauk tribe because they farmed food in the grass lands of the Mississippi valley in the summer.

by: J.L.H. (10 yrs. old)

 

Related Posts:

Image of a Sauk Man

First Peoples Index  

 

 Further Reading:

Talk Sauk –  a Sauk/Sak Language Resource