Prince Maximilian's Travels in the Interior of North America
The Fox tribe is Algonquian. They are a big tribe. Their real name are the Red Fox tribe or Meshkwakihug and they are known as the Red Earth people. They are called that because their land is more reddish than other known tribes like the Chippewa.
The Fox Tribe was seminomadic. That means they moved around forests and prairies. During the summer they lived in villages of bark covered homes. They grew corn, beans, squash, pumpkins and tobacco.
The Fox had three kinds of leaders: the peace chief ,war chief, and the ceremonial chief. The peace chief kept peace with the tribe and was in charge at council when the town matters were discussed. The war chief was chosen for each military sector by other brave soldiers on the basis of fighting skills. The war chief would be in charge to control army matters. On this occasion, the Calumets would be decorated with red feathers. The ceremonial leader, or shaman, instructed others in religious rituals. The ceremonies had a lot of meanings, such as making games and stuff or helping grow food and crops or helping the sick people.
First Peoples Index
In Canada the term First Peoples refers to the original inhabitants of this land. There are two groupings: the Inuit (aka Eskimo) and the First Nations (aka Indian). Other respectful terms for First Peoples are: Aboriginals, Amerindians (used by scholars), Autochtones (in Quebec) and Native American.
Here are some stories from the New Brunswick Malecites. Here are 3 characters in the stories: Meekkomowess, Majalmood, and “The Little Men”.
Meekkomowess was a little old man who has a supernatural power, and could foretell the future. Meekkomowess goes to the Indians, gives them warnings and tells them about the danger that is coming. Miraculously, all the Indians who listened to Meekkomowess survived the danger, but unfortunately, all those that didn’t, perished. Everything Meekkomowess says is true. He never makes a mistake in foretelling the future.
Majalmood is a boy who made bows and arrows to protect the Indians. When Majalmood pointed anywhere with his finger, the arrow went that way.
The Little Men are Dwarfs. The Little Men can make a great variety of different clay objects, like axes, knives, canoes, men, and pipes, just like the real ones. They are not bad magicians, they don’t hurt anyone. Though, they will take a person’s knife if it is left on the bank and they will make a perfect clay imitation.
Author: N.B., 10 yrs. old
First Peoples Index
Native Americans: The Maliseet Indian Tribe (Malecite, Malecites
Cacouna – La Nation Malécite